Exploring Jesus’ Teachings on War: Rights and Wrongs

The teachings of Jesus Christ have left an indelible mark on human history and continue to influence moral and ethical discussions across the globe. One topic that often emerges in discussions of Christian ethics is the question of war and violence. Did Jesus have any teachings on the rights and wrongs of war? In this blog, we will delve into the New Testament to explore the perspectives of Jesus on this complex and often contentious issue.

  1. The Context of Jesus’ Time

To understand Jesus’ teachings on war, it is essential to consider the historical and cultural context of his era. Jesus lived in a tumultuous period under Roman rule, where the Jewish people faced political oppression and military occupation. In this context, discussions about resistance and violence were not uncommon.

  1. Jesus’ Teachings on Nonviolence

One of the central themes of Jesus’ teachings was nonviolence and love for one’s enemies. In the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus says, “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also” (Matthew 5:38-39, NIV). This teaching emphasizes turning away from retaliation and seeking reconciliation rather than revenge.

  1. The Sermon on the Mount

The Sermon on the Mount, found in Matthew 5-7, is a cornerstone of Jesus’ ethical teachings. In this sermon, Jesus promotes the virtues of humility, meekness, and peacemaking. He famously declares, “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God” (Matthew 5:9, NIV). This beatitude underscores the importance of pursuing peace rather than conflict.

  1. “Love Your Enemies”

Perhaps one of the most challenging teachings of Jesus regarding war is his commandment to “love your enemies.” In Matthew 5:44 (NIV), he states, “But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.” This radical idea challenges the human instinct for revenge and encourages forgiveness and reconciliation.

  1. “Put Away Your Sword”

A pivotal moment in the New Testament occurs in the Garden of Gethsemane when Jesus is arrested. One of his disciples, Peter, draws a sword to defend Jesus, but Jesus intervenes, saying, “Put your sword back in its place, for all who draw the sword will die by the sword” (Matthew 26:52, NIV). This statement is often interpreted as a clear rejection of violence and a warning against the cycle of vengeance.

  1. Render to Caesar What Is Caesar’s

Another relevant teaching comes from Mark 12:17 (NIV), where Jesus says, “Give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s and to God what is God’s.” This teaching implies a separation between the responsibilities of the state and those of the divine. It suggests that Christians should respect the authority of secular governments and not engage in rebellion or armed conflict against them.


While Jesus’ teachings do not provide a detailed manual for the rights and wrongs of war, they offer a moral framework centered on nonviolence, love, and reconciliation. His emphasis on turning the other cheek, loving one’s enemies, and promoting peace challenges conventional notions of justice through retaliation. Christians and scholars continue to debate how these teachings apply to the complex and nuanced issues of war and self-defense in the modern world.

Ultimately, Jesus’ teachings on war call for a commitment to peace making, reconciliation, and the pursuit of justice through nonviolent means. They invite individuals and societies to wrestle with the ethical dilemmas of war and violence in light of these timeless principles.

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